Conversations on Europe: The Scandinavian Model

The so-called “Nordic” or “Scandinavian Model” embraces both the welfare state and globalization and emphasizes society-wide risk sharing. Citizens in countries such as Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark, and Iceland exhibit high levels of trust in government institutions.


  • Grete Brochmann, University of Oslo
  • Frank Martela, Aalto University
  • Christian Albrekt Larsen, Aalborg University
  • Guy Peters, University of Pittsburgh


  • Jae-Jae Spoon, Director of European Studies Center, University of Pittsburgh


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